Breast Health

A mammogram is a medical screening tool to look at the breast tissue. It takes an x-ray or picture of the breasts. Doctors look at the x-rays to check the breasts for changes or growths.

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer in women. Early detection is the best way to reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. Mammograms help detect breast changes up to three years before they can be felt.

Women should begin getting mammograms once they turn 40. Then, women should receive a mammogram once a year. If a woman has family history of breast cancer, screening recommendations may vary.

Risk factors for breast cancer

  • Being younger at first menstruation
  • Starting menopause at a later age
  • Never giving birth
  • Being older when you have your first child
  • Not breastfeeding
  • Using hormone replacement therapy for extended periods of time
  • Getting older
  • Family history
  • Being overweight
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Not working out

How to lower your risk

  • Get regular mammograms
  • Lose excess weight
  • Know your family history
  • Ask your doctor about the risks and benefits of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

For more information

Want to learn more? Visit these sites:

About the Program

Read more about the Breast Health Program

Prevention Matters